Untold Histories in Arizona's Copper Mining Communities - Women and Apache miners and other lesser known groups like Jewish miners
Men, women, and children posed in front of a headframe at an unknown mine site located somewhere north of Metcalf, Arizona


Thank you for your interest in joining our webinar, "Untold Histories in Arizona's Copper Mining Communities - Women and Apache miners and other lesser known groups like Jewish miners," on Wednesday, March 20, 2024. The webinar will run from 2:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. (MST), Arizona time.

Popular histories of early Arizona mining settlements often focus on the role of male prospectors, military men, adventurers, entrepreneurs, and those quintessentially Western pioneers who have inspired books, movies, and television series. Unfortunately, western women have not been fully recognized for the important and diverse roles they played in the formation of Arizona’s burgeoning industrial communities of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Apache men found work in the copper mines and associated communities in the east central region of Arizona. While many Apache integrated into Anglo American lifestyles and labor systems through mining, they were also able to retain aspects of their traditional culture and values. Yet, the diversity of the various people involved in the early Arizona copper mines influenced and were impact by the development of social norms, laws, and community regulations.


Stephanie Brown is an archaeologist at WestLand Resources, Inc. in Tucson, a position she has held since 2015. She specializes in historical archaeology, archival research, and historical artifact analysis with an emphasis on legacy mining properties throughout the Southwest. Ms. Brown has conducted extensive archival research on Arizona’s mining camps. Recently, she worked closely with Clifton community historian Don Lunt and other elders to capture and honor the mining history of Clifton-Morenci.

Avi Buckles serves as the Director of Cultural Resources at WestLand Resources, Inc. in Tucson. Avi has been an archaeologist in the private sector since 2000 when he started working on field projects throughout Arizona and New Mexico. His passion is mining history, and Avi has produced detailed mining landscape studies and multi-media public presentations that integrate field archaeology, archival research, and oral-history to help manage legacy and current mining operations.

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You are welcome to make a tax-deductible contribution in the amount of your choosing to support the Arizona Preservation Foundation. Your contribution will go towards funding the Foundation's public awareness and education initiatives to raise awareness about the importance of historic preservation, educate the public on the value of preserving our heritage, and engage communities in the safeguarding of our historic buildings, sites, and neighborhoods.
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Please contact Connie Gutierrez at connie@mcsource.net.